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Table 1 Group results for the sway parameters

From: Behavioral and neural adaptations in response to five weeks of balance training in older adults: a randomized controlled trial

  Static balance task Dynamic balance task
Two-legged One-legged Two-leggeda One-legged
Group Session COP sway (cm) Sway (cm)
Training group Pre 19.0 ± 6.4 108.5 ± 45.9 0.9 ± 0.4 6.6 ± 3.1
(n = 15) Post 19.9 ± 5.6 93.4 ± 36.2 1.2 ± 0.6 6.6 ± 3.1
Control group Pre 22.8 ± 8.8 87.3 ± 19.9 1.4 ± 0.5 9.2 ± 8.8
(n = 13) Post 21.4 ± 7.4 97.8 ± 42.6 2.0 ± 1.3 9.3 ± 8.3
n (TG/CG)   15/13 11/6 14/12 9/7
  1. aSignificant main effects of group (p = .013) and session (p = .008)
  2. Group mean values ± SD before (Pre) and after (Post) five weeks of balance training (training group, TG) or habitual activity (control group, CG). The static and the dynamic balance tasks consisted in standing still on stable ground or standing on a free-swinging platform, respectively. Sway values represent the total displacement of the center of pressure (COP) or the platform, respectively, during a 15 s trial (best of three trials). n (TG/CG) = number of participants in each group included in the respective analysis