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Table 2 Cardiovascular diseases and potential risk factors among dentate and edentate participants

From: Number of teeth and myocardial infarction and stroke among elderly never smokers

Variable All
(n = 390)
Dentate
(n = 169)
Edentate
(n = 221)
Cardiovascular diseases    
   Myocardial infarction (%) 29.5 27.8 30.8
   Stroke (%) 8.0 7.1 8.6
Potential risk factors of cardiovascular diseases    
   BMI: mean (SD) 26.4 (4.6) 25.9 (4.5) 26.9 (4.6)
   BMI: ≥ 25 kg/m2* (%) 59.5 55.6 62.4
   Serum total cholesterol: mean (SD) 5.7 (1.2) 5.7 (1.2) 5.8 (1.2)
   Serum total cholesterol: ≥ 5.2 mmol/l* (%) 65.1 63.3 66.5
   Serum HDL cholesterol: mean (SD) 1.5 (0.4) 1.5 (0.4) 1.5 (0.4)
   Serum HDL cholesterol: ≤ 1.04 mmol/l* (%) 10.8 8.3 12.7
   Serum triglycerides: mean (SD) 1.5 (0.8) 1.4 (0.8) 1.6 (0.8)
   Serum triglycerides: ≥ 2.26 mmol/l* (%) 13.1 10.7 14.9
   Diabetes (%) 17.4 11.8 21.7
   Blood glucose: mean (SD) 5.6 (1.4) 5.5 (1.2) 5.8 (1.5)
   Hypertension (%) 50.3 51.5 49.3
   Alcohol consumption: Proportion of those who drink alcohol (%) 37.0 39.6 35.0
   Physical activity:    
   No exercise (%) 45.1 41.7 47.7
   Slow walking or intense exercise 2–3 times a week (%) 55.0 58.3 52.3
  1. *Serum triglycerides ≥ 2.26 mmol/l, serum HDL cholesterol ≤ 1.04 mmol/l, serum total cholesterol ≥ 5.2 mmol/l, and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 are regarded as CVD risk factors [29, 30].