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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the study population

From: Lack of association between right-to-left shunt and cerebral ischemia after adjustment for gender and age

  Overall Study Population (n = 763) Male Patients (n = 494) Female Patients (n = 269)
Age, y, mean (SD) 58.2 (14.7) 59.8 (13.7) 55.2 (16.0)
Hypertension, n (%) 462 (61) 323 (65) 139 (52)
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 126 (17) 99 (20) 27 (10)
Smoker (current/former), n (%) 365 (48) 265 (54) 100 (37)
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 321 (42) 222 (45) 99 (37)
Stroke subtypes    
   Atherothrombotic, n (%) 109 (14) 80 (16) 29 (11)
   Cardioembolic, n (%) 160 (21) 109 (22) 51 (19)
   Lacunar, n (%) 191 (25) 133 (27) 58 (22)
   Other, n (%) 55 (7) 27 (5) 28 (10)
   Unknown, n (%) 248 (33) 145 (29) 103 (38)
Symptoms = 24 hours, n (%) 276 (36) 164 (33) 112 (42)
Previous stroke or transient ischemic attack, n (%) 136 (18) 89 (18) 47 (18)
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 94 (12) 67 (14) 27 (10)
History of myocardial infarction, n (%) 62 (8) 52 (11) 10 (4)
Migraine, n(%) 36 (5) 7 (1) 29 (11)