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Table 2 Comparison of serologic parameters in patients with chronic tonsillitis to patients with peritonsillar abscess 5 days after tonsillectomy (T5)

From: Clinical significance and diagnostic usefulness of serologic markers for improvement of outcome of tonsillectomy in adults with chronic tonsillitis

Parameter Chronic tonsillitis Peritonsillar abscess p**
Mean SD* Mean SD*
Antistreptolysin O titer (IU/mL) 138.46 162.15 269.48 360.14 0.398
Basophils (Differential count; %) 0.37 0.16 0.33 0.14 0.572
Basophils(Gpt/L) 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.011 0.736
Alpha-1 globulin (SPEP; %) 5.47 0.70 5.52 0.73 0.897
Alpha-2 globulin (SPEP; %) 11.25 1.23 12.05 1.10 0.026
Albumin (SPEP; %) 55.64 2.96 53.21 2.73 0.005
Beta Globulin (SPEP; %) 11.89 1.97 12.13 1.21 0.192
Gamma Globulin (SPEP; %) 15.75 1.84 17.10 2.94 0.105
C-reactive protein (mg/L) 16.81 13.66 15.37 12.23 0.639
Eosinophils (Differential count; %). 2.46 1.45 2.17 1.52 0.417
Eosinophils (Gpt/L) 0.17 0.11 0.17 0.10 0.751
Red-cell count 4.39 0.47 4.60 0.45 0.121
Hemoglobin (mmol/L) 7.90 0.90 8.41 0.89 0.088
Hematocrit 0.38 0.04 0.40 0.04 0.149
Immunoglobulin A (g/L) 2.20 1.71 2.83 0.92 0.004
Immunoglobulin E (kU/L) 140.06 217.78 87.36 102.88 0.803
Immunoglobulin G (g/L) 11.67 1.83 12.45 3.34 0.823
Immunoglobulin M (g/L) 0.89 0.45 1.24 0.48 0.005
White-cell count 7.26 1.70 7.85 1.98 0.318
Lymphocytes (Differential count; %) 25.63 7.29 26.75 9.45 0.489
Lymphocytes (Gpt/l) 1.84 0.59 2.06 0.75 0.245
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (fmol) 1.80 0.11 1.83 0.08 0.733
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (mmol/L) 20.63 0.65 20.97 0.45 0.014
Mean corpuscular volume (fL) 87.30 4.27 87.15 3.48 0.255
Monocytes (Differential count; %) 7.51 2.54 7.51 1.99 0.751
Monocytes (Gpt/L) 0.54 0.02 0.59 0.21 0.360
Neutrophils (Gpt/L) 4.68 1.34 5.01 1.66 0.542
Neutrophils (Differential count; %) 64.03 7.83 63.24 10.04 0.589
Procalcitonin (ng/mL) 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.02 0.065
Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (%) 13.16 1.14 12.87 0.62 0.403
Platelet count (Gpt/L) 285.95 59.86 324.91 75.84 0.209
Proteins, total (g/l) 73.66 5.63 74.53 6.60 0.639
  1. *SD standard deviation, **p p value due to Mann–Whitney U test; significant p values (<0.05) in bold; IU International Unit, Gpt/L 109 cells per liter, SPEP Serum protein electrophoresis.