Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of serologic parameters in patients with chronic tonsillitis to patients with peritonsillar abscess at the day before tonsillectomy (T-1)

From: Clinical significance and diagnostic usefulness of serologic markers for improvement of outcome of tonsillectomy in adults with chronic tonsillitis

Parameter Chronic tonsillitis Peritonsillar abscess p**
Mean SD* Mean SD*
Antistreptolysin O titer (IU/mL) 151.38 164.42 207.24 299.22 0.941
Basophils (Differential count; %) 0.42 0.23 0.17 0.093 0.000
Basophils(Gpt/L) 0.04 0.027 0.03 0.025 0.023
Alpha-1 globulin (SPEP; %) 4.19 0.77 5.83 1.10 0.000
Alpha-2 globulin (SPEP; %) 9.46 1.46 12.06 1.55 0.000
Albumin (SPEP; %) 58.04 3.54 53.11 3.19 0.000
Beta Globulin (SPEP; %) 11.58 1.89 12.75 1.36 0.005
Gamma Globulin (SPEP; %) 16.73 1.84 16.03 2.82 0.435
C-reactive protein (mg/L) 3.68 6.30 99.06 61.63 0.000
Eosinophils (Differential count; %). 2.14 1.83 0.51 0.62 0.000
Eosinophils (Gpt/L) 0.14 0.10 0.06 0.074 0.001
Red-cell count 4.68 0.36 4.80 0.43 0.389
Hemoglobin (mmol/l) 8.45 0.76 8.83 0.86 0.153
Hematocrit 0.41 0.03 0.42 0.04 0.259
Immunoglobulin A (g/L) 2.23 1.74 2.80 0.96 0.007
Immunoglobulin E (kU/L) 117.71 186.42 92.88 105.28 0.468
Immunoglobulin G (g/L) 12.69 2.04 12.18 2.63 0.302
Immunoglobulin M (g/L) 1.03 0.53 1.15 0.52 0.444
White-cell count 7.21 1.66 12.49 3.58 0.000
Lymphocytes (Differential count; %) 31.99 11.70 14.90 7.23 0.000
Lymphocytes (Gpt/L) 2.22 0.72 1.73 0.61 0.009
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (fmol) 1.81 0.11 1.84 0.08 0.932
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (mmol/l) 20.72 0.53 20.98 0.42 0.082
Mean corpuscular volume (fL) 87.34 4.54 87.73 3.17 0.758
Monocytes (Differential count; %) 7.00 1.67 8.40 3.20 0.038
Monocytes (Gpt/L) 0.49 0.14 1.04 0.44 0.000
Neutrophils (Gpt/L) 4.30 1.68 9.70 3.44 0.000
Neutrophils (Differential count; %) 58.46 12.67 76.02 8.66 0.000
Procalcitonin (ng/mL) 0.07 0.03 0.10 0.04 0.033
Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (%) 13.28 1.05 13.27 0.76 0.684
Platelet count (Gpt/L) 290.79 48.49 280.74 79.03 0.587
Proteins, total (g/L) 77.83 6.10 78.01 5.35 0.401
  1. *SD standard deviation, **p p value due to Mann–Whitney U test; significant p values (<0.05) in bold; IU International Unit, Gpt/L 109 cells per liter, SPEP Serum protein electrophoresis.